Inspired by the Bauhaus, American Jazz and the aesthetic tradition of Japan, Ikko Tanaka (1930-2002) remains one of the most influential Japanese designers. The exhibition is dedicated to the theme of the face in the poster oeuvre of this communicator between Japanese culture and the West.
The parade of faces gliding past the ambling viewer is akin to a Gallery of Beauties, rendered in radical geometric abstraction, calligraphic expressivity or captured in photographs, emblematic, distorted, as impenetrable mask, surreal, playful … With noblesse, sublimely seductive or tantalizing, all of these faces want to catch the viewer’s attention, be it for Noh or Kabuki theatre, exhibitions, communications companies or a collection by fashion designer Issey Miyake.
Born in 1930 in Nara, Tanaka studied at the highly traditional Kyoto City University of Arts – Japan’s oldest art school. After his studies, he initially worked as a pattern designer in the textile industry, then as an exhibition designer, before founding his own graphic design studio in Tokyo in 1963. Graphic works by Tanaka were shown at Documenta 3 as early as 1964.
His multi-facetted oeuvre ranges from art direction for companies including Seibu, Mazda and Shiseido to book design, typographic experiments, logos and the concept of the no-name-design store Muji. He gained international renown mostly through his posters, designed for cultural events such as theatre shows, dance performances, concerts, festivals and exhibitions, but also for type foundries, printing companies, architects and fashion designers.
Ikko Tanaka’s style could be outlined as combining bold abstraction with the balancing of opposites; it is expressive, elegant and powerful. Fellow designer American Ivan Chermayeff dubbed him a “distiller of visual truth”.
Archive guided tours:
A presentation by Die Neue Sammlung – The Design Museum, starting with Munich Creative Business Week MCBW 2018.
Supported by DNP Foundation for Cultural Promotion, Tokyo
Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich
March 3, 2018 – July 15, 2018